I was looking at the Five Marks of Mission (of the Anglican Communion) as well as Five Purposes of Church, as described by Rick Warren in Purpose-Driven Church.
The Five Marks of Mission are:
- To proclaim the Good News of the Kingdom
- To teach, baptize and nurture new believers
- To respond to human need by loving service
- To transform unjust structures of society, to challenge violence of every kind and pursue peace and reconciliation
- To strive to safeguard the integrity of creation, and sustain and renew the life of the earth
(Bonds of Affection-1984 ACC-6 p49, Mission in a Broken World-1990 ACC-8 p101)
To come up with summarizing terms for each of these is fairly easy:
- Evangelization (although proclamation to include all of the other marks as well)
- Social Ministry
- Social Justice
- Creation Stewardship
These all seem well-grounded Biblically. This is not to say that all our evenly weighted.
Now looking at the 5 purposes of the church, as described by Rick Warren in PDC (Purpose-Driven Church).
- Churches grow warmer through fellowship.
- Churches grow deeper through discipleship.
- Churches grow stronger through worship.
- Churches grow broader through ministry.
- Churches grow larger through evangelism.
There are two immediate and obvious differences. Warren’s list includes Fellowship and Worship. Of course the failure of the Five Marks to include them is that the Five Marks are associated with the Missio Ecclesiae– the Mission of the Church. Fellowship is inward directed, while Worship is “upward” directed. Missions is outward directed from God and by God.
So if one removed those two, Warren’s list (PDC) becomes Evangelism, Discipleship, and Ministry. These line up well with the Five Marks, especially when we note that “Ministry” is a broad term. We get.
Both PDC and the 5 Marks agree on EVANGELISM
Both PDC and the 5 Marks agree on DISCIPLESHIP
Both PDC and the 5 Marks agree on MINISTRY but the 5 Marks breaks them down into: